Virtual Training Course
Fundamentals of Papermaking and Paper Performance

During the COVID-19 pandemic, take advantage of this opportunity to learn more about the industry in which you work, from the comfort of your own home or office. The benefits associated with this virtual online course is that it has been structured in 4 short digestible chunks to enable participants to learn, retain information, and be engaged.

This course was delivered by live webcast over four sessions in May 2020 however the video recordings and presentations can now be accessed via the Appita Learning Portal. See Access tab for more information.

The course covers the parts and processes involved from the tree, pulp, paper and end products, with particular focus on the Australian and New Zealand Industry. Various unit processes will be covered in sufficient detail to provide a good understanding of pulp and paper making and the properties and uses of paper.

The course is specifically designed for people who are new to the pulp, paper, and packaging industry. It is also highly recommended for people working in non -manufacturing roles in the industry who need to understand more about the processes, products and their applications.

The course was presented by Dr Nafty Vanderhoek and Russell Allan.



Presenters: Nafty Vanderhoek and Russell Allan

Presentation: Module 1 

The Australasian pulp and paper industry has had a long and proud history ever since its initial beginnings in the early nineteenth century, often punching well above its weight. This module will cover a historical timeline of major paper innovations and how the local industry, in common with its overseas counterparts, has had to continually adapt to an ever-changing landscape that is continuing to this very day.

This module also presents a review of the wide range of applications where paper is used in our society.

Learning Objectives
• Describe the major historical technical innovations and their importance to the industry
• Explain the industry’s fundamental role in the economy and why the industry should be supported
• List the proud past achievements of the local industry
• Describe the decades of change and who are now the major players
• Identify the new opportunities within the bioeconomy
• Understand paper’s ‘strengths’ and limitations.
• Explore and understand the properties paper must exhibit to be successful in a chosen application.

Presenters: Nafty Vanderhoek

Presentation: Module 2

Fundamental to the pulp and paper industry is the availability of raw materials which are numerous and differ in their basic properties. Equally important are the methods to process these materials that also vary in their aims and outcomes. This module will describe the different fibre sources available to the industry and how they are best treated to achieve the desired end result.

Learning Objectives
• Describe the different wood types and their structural features
• Define the different chemical classes in wood and their main functions
• List the different pulping processes and how they differ from one another
• Explain the role of recycled fibre and its importance overall
• Describe other key process steps that make up part of the pulping value chain

Presenters: Russell Allan

Module 3a - Papermaking
Module 3b - Paper Treatments

Paper is a high-tech composite material that lends itself to modification and design with the aim of sustainability and reuse. The performance of paper in a chosen application is controlled by not only the raw materials making up the paper but also the paper making process used and the various treatments that can be applied to the paper to improve, augment and modify its properties. This module will describe the fundamental processes central to paper making, the technologies that are used (and their evolution over time) and the treatments that are applied during manufacture.

Learning Objectives
• Appreciate the major process aims in paper making manufacture
• Describe the different approaches needed when using virgin or recycled fibre furnish
• Describe the process equipment utilised in the preparation of fibre delivered to the paper machine (the paper machine approach system)
• List and describe the process stages employed on commercial paper machines
• Describe the most important paper treatment processes used in paper manufacture
• Explain the operation of size press, speed sizer, coaters, calenders and creping systems
• Explain the effect on paper property each of the treatments seek to provide.

Presenters: Nafty Vanderhoek and Russell Allan

Module 4a - Paper Products & Quality
Module 4b - End user performance

Paper and board products are usually characterized and sold on the basis of standardised product grades and testing procedures with the prime objective to ensure all parties speak the same language when discussing paper or board products and test values. This module will cover the factors influencing paper and board properties and their end use requirements, the key issues associated with measurement and some common test methods.

Learning Objectives
• Describe what is meant by standardised methods
• Explain the difference between sensitivity, precision and accuracy in testing
• Explain paper directionality and how moisture impacts on paper properties
• Define the hysteresis effect and why conditioning of paper and board is critical
• List the common paper tests including what they measure and traps for beginners
• Explore the paper performance requirements for sack, packaging and communication papers
• Define and list the requirements for the two major applications for corrugated board packaging; containment and stacking.

Test your knowledge with these thought experiments.

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Russell Allan
Russell Allan is the Managing Director of Aurelia Group Consulting, a business that specialises in optimising paper machines for cost and product performance. He is the holder of a number of patents innovative measurement in the paper and packaging industry, most notably related to on-line, continuous non-destructive stiffness measurement on the paper machine. Russell is the current editor of Appita magazine (Australian Pulp and Paper Industry Technical Association), the 2014 winner of the L R Benjamin medal and was most recently awarded the Jasper Mardon Memorial Prize in 2015 for a “significant contribution to the science and technology of paper making”. Russell has delivered a number of papers related to paper measurement, quality and paper and paper packaging performance at Appita and around the world. 

Dr Nafty Vanderhoek 
Dr Nafty Vanderhoek is a graduate of the University of Adelaide where he obtained his BSc (Hons) in 1970 and PhD in 1974. He has been supporting the pulp and paper and related industries for over 46 years in a variety of technical and management roles; 28 years with APM/Amcor, 9 years with CSIRO and for the past 9 years as a consultant where he has undertaken a number of important commissions. Before his retirement from full-time employment, Dr Vanderhoek was considered Australia’s foremost expert on wet-end chemistry and its impact on paper machine runnability. Nafty has presented at numerous Appita courses and conferences on different aspects of pulp and paper manufacture.

Access to the recordings and presentation files for the course modules is via IP.  Once your registration, IP and payment is received you will gain access to the virtual training modules and course resources for 30 days.

To find out what your personal IP is please type "What is my IP" in you browser.

To register please go to the registration tab.

If you have any problems please contact the Appita Office +61 3 9467 9722.


Course Cost
AUD 450 Inc GST (Individual Member)
AUD 650 Inc GST (Individual Non-Member)

To register for access to the virtual resources click the button below.